Introduction

One of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity is access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources.

One of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, as set out in its Article 1, is the

“fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding”.

A framework for the implementation of this third objective with regard to access, an outline of benefit-sharing of genetic resources is provided in Article 15 of the Convention. In addition, Article 8(j) contains provision to encourage the equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.

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